The Open Championship was first played in 1860 at Prestwick Golf Club in Ayrshire, Scotland. It was restricted to professionals and attracted a field of eight Scottish golfers, who played three rounds of Prestwick's twelve-hole course in a single day. Willie Park Senior won with a score of 174, beating the favourite, Old Tom Morris, by two strokes. The following year the tournament was opened to amateurs; eight of them joined ten professionals in the field.
Since then The Open Championship has grown to become one of the biggest golfing championships in the world and in 2013 it returns to Scotland where it will be held at Muirfield. This will be the 16th time Muirfield has hosted the tournament and the first since 2002. In its 142nd year The Open is the oldest of the four Major Championships in professional golf.